OrderPaperToday – The Senate on Tuesday passed a bill seeking to establish an Electoral Offences Commission to prosecute electoral offences in the country.
The passage of the bill , followed a clause by clause consideration of a report of the Senate Committee on Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC).
The bill passed second reading last year.
According to the report, when established, “the Commission will consider election petitions and recommendations made by any person on electoral offences”.
Chairman of the Committee, Sen. Kabiru Gaya (APC, Kano), disclosed that the commission will also help in  tackling  the issues of inconclusive elections marred by violence.
It will also make Nigeria’s electoral process credible by ensuring that electoral offenders are prosecuted and convicted accordingly in conformity with international best practices.
The report which highlighted a list of electoral offences, also prescribed punishment for  rigging, electoral violence and manipulation, the disenfranchisement of voters, vote buying and disinformation.
Others are, ballot stuffing, voters’ register manipulation, declaration of false election results, destruction or invalidation of valid ballots.
It also captured tampering with election systems and voter impersonation as electoral offences to be addressed by the commission.
The Bill which was sponsored by Sen. Abubakar Kyari (APC-Borno) states: “To this end, section 149 and 150 (2) of the Electoral Act 2010 (as amended) respectively vests INEC with the discretion and powers to prosecute alleged electoral offenders”.
Senator Gaya further said that since the advent of democracy in Nigeria’s Fourth Republic in 1999, there was hardly any election that electoral offenses in their various forms had not characterized.
“Successive elections at the national, states and local government levels have been marred by irregularities, with political players resorting to violence to outsmart each other to achieve victory.
‘No Doubt, electoral offences remain a significant threat to credible, free and fair elections in Nigeria, where elections heighten political tension and trigger violence,” he reiterated.
“The challenges facing INEC in the electoral process did not permit it to face another battle of prosecution of electoral offenders.
This, he said accounts for just a few convictions for electoral offences in the realm of criminal litigation in Nigeria.
“The above underscores the necessity of an active justice system for the prosecution of electoral offenders, which remains critical in ensuring a decrease in the level of electoral impunity and a reversal in the persistent trend of electoral offences,” he said further.
Gaya further explained that this necessitated establishing a commission to be charged with investigating electoral offences and prosecution of electoral offenders in Nigeria.
He stated that the commission would help strengthen Nigeria’s electoral process and ensure credible elections.
In his contribution, Sen. Adamu Aliero (APC-Kebbi) said that the commission would help sanitise and enhance the electoral process.
In his remarks, President of the Senate, Ahmad Lawan said “this is yet another landmark legislation that this Senate has been able to pass, break the jinx, and the demons are defeated too here.
“We believe that this will sanitise our electoral system and process and we believe that INEC and States Independent Electoral Commission (SIEC) will be able to conduct their elections free of violence.”

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