OrderPaperToday – Transparency International, a Berlin-based anti-corruption watchdog, has published its annual Corruption Perception Index (CPI) for 2020 which has ranked Nigeria 149th out of the 180 countries surveyed.
Nigeria scored 25 out of a possible 100 points.
The corruption perception index (CPI) analyses different countries by their perceived levels of public sector corruption using expert assessments, opinion surveys, research and reported cases of corruptions. The CPI ranks countries on a scale of 0 to 100 with 0 standing for Highly Corrupt and 100 for Very Clean.
Even though two third of countries ranked in the CPI scored below 50, Nigeria 2020 corruption index is the lowest in 5 years and still lower than the region’s average score of 32 of out of 100.
The report noted the fiasco of hoarding of COVID-19 medications by states in Nigeria and called on anti-corruption institutions to investigate the allegations.
On Africa the Corruption Perception Index revealed that “more than one out of four people – or approximately 130 million citizens in the 35 African countries surveyed – paid a bribe to access essential public services, like health care”.
The report also analysed how corruption crippled capacity to respond to the emerging health and economic crises brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic.
With the 2020 CPI ranking, Nigeria is now the most corrupt country in West Africa second only to Guinea-Bissau which scored 19 out of a possible 100 points and ranked 165 out of 180. Its corruption barometer also indicated that 43% of citizens think corruption increased in the previous 12 months while 44% of public service users paid a bribe in the previous 12 months to obtain a public service.
Nigeria has historically ranked low in the CPI, scoring 26 points in 2019 and 27 points in 2018 and 2017.
Reporting by Chinonso Kenneth